Ireland’s High Court said it would ask the ECJ to decide whether to ban the way in which Internet firms such as Facebook transfer user data to the US
The case was started by Austrian privacy activist Max Schrems when he made a complaint to the Irish Data Protection Commissioner's office about Facebook's handling of his data in the United States.
Irish High Court Judge Caroline Costello has now referred the case to the European Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling in the case.
The judge said the Irish Data Protection Commissioner "has raised well-founded concerns that there is an absence of an effective remedy in U.S. law compatible with the requirements of Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights."
She said that a newly created US ombudsperson dealing with Europeans' complaints about American surveillance did not eliminate those concerns.